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The Different Skin Types and How to Take Care of Each Type

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skin type

In crafting your skincare routine, knowing your skin type is the first, most essential step you need to take. One thing most people wouldn’t know is that every skin type has a different natural reaction to every ingredient or chemical. Thus, one-size-fits-all skin care products on the market may not really be good for your skin type.

Before you go out buying the promising natural skin care products you saw in an advertisement, read along so you know how to identify and care for each skin type.

Normal skin

Another term used to describe normal skin is “eudermic”, which means the skin achieves the right balance of oiliness and dryness that is conducive to the optimal maturing of skin and less prone to premature skin laxity and aging. Normal skin also has relatively balanced pH levels, among others.


natural sunscreen with zinc oxide

You have normal skin if it fits the following criteria:

  • Has a smooth texture
  • Fine or unnoticeable pores
  • No sensitive spots
  • No blemishes
  • Very rare or no acne breakouts
  • Luminous complexion

How can you take care of normal skin?

Normal skin is the easiest to take care of since it requires very minimal maintenance. However, this doesn’t mean that little to no care is required to maintain normal skin. You should always make it a point that you regularly keep your skin healthy, hydrated, and well-balanced.



Here are a few tips for you to be able to take care of normal skin.

  • Stay hydrated; drink plenty of water each day
  • Apply sunscreen when going outdoors; oil-free sunscreen is a common recommendation to get finer pores
  • Moisturize regularly
  • Cleanse your face every day before sleeping
  • Remove makeup before sleeping

Oily skin

What causes the skin to be oily is what’s called sebum. When your skin’s sebum production is more than normal, your skin becomes extra shiny, sweaty, and more susceptible to developing acne, redness, open pores, blemishes, and other signs of less than healthy skin.

For you to know if your skin is starting to get oily, the basic test is to check if you feel oil on your face in the middle of the day. Because this layer of oil on your skin, adds a little bit of protection to the skin from the sun. However, the cons outweigh the pros of oily skin since oily skin also signifies that it is significantly more prone to acne, etc.

Oily skin is normally caused by hormonal changes or imbalances, the climate or environment, genetics, naturally large pores, over-exfoliation, or using soaps and skincare products that are too harsh or strong.



You have oily skin if it fits the following criteria:

  • Shiny or greasy appearance
  • Noticeably open or large pores
  • Prone to regular or semiregular breakouts
  • Blemishes all over the face

Here are a few tips for you to be able to take care of oily skin.

  • Moisturize regularly; light and natural moisturizer is recommended for oily skin types
  • Stay hydrated; drink plenty of water each day
  • Wash your face twice a day and avoid overwashing
  • Modify your makeup or skincare routine; avoid products with a lot of chemicals and instead opt for non-comedogenic and gentle makeup or skincare products
  • Remove makeup before sleeping
  • Minimize touching your face
  • Avoid popping pimples or picking at scabs

Dry skin

Dry skin is skin that significantly lacks moisture and hydration. The end result is skin that can appear flaky or rough to touch. Usually, dry skin will have noticeable marks or lines around the eyes or mouth.

This skin type is vulnerable to irritation due to weather changes and other factors. Extremely dry skin is consequently very sensitive skin and skin that is prone to damage.

Dry skin is normally caused by genetics, changes in season (more common in climates that lack humidity), long hours in the shower, or aging (that naturally reduces sebum production). Some chemicals or ingredients in soaps, makeup, or skincare products may also contribute to dry skin. The key is to always opt for gentler, milder soaps and cleansing products.

You have dry skin if it fits the following criteria:

  • The flaky or rough appearance
  • Uneven texture
  • Regular or semiregular itchiness
  • The tight feeling of the skin; less elastic skin
  • Prominent or noticeable lines

Here are a few tips for you to be able to take care of dry skin.

  • Stay hydrated; drink plenty of water each day
  • Moisturize regularly after showers
  • Avoid long showers and opt for shorter showers twice a day or less
  • Do gentle pats when drying yourself after showers
  • Try using a room humidifier
  • Apply sunscreen when going outdoors
  • Wear hand gloves when dealing with cleaning detergents and other strong chemicals

Combination skin

Just like the term implies, combination skin is two skin types combined. It’s a mixture of the characteristics of dry skin and oily skin. Essentially, this skin type is most similar to the normal skin type but is relatively oilier on the “T-zone” of the face (nose and eyebrow area). 

Combination skin is normally caused by genetics, harsh skin care products, or the climate or environment.

You have combination skin if it fits the following criteria:

  • Oily T-zone
  • Dry cheek area
  • Breakouts mostly around the forehead, chin, and nose
  • Noticeable open or large pores
  • Shiny or greasy appearance

Here are a few tips for you to be able to take care of combination skin.

  • Use gentle and mild face cleansers
  • Use a natural bio-degradable exfoliating face wash; do it gently and every once in a while only
  • Apply sunscreen when going outdoors
  • Opt for oil-free, chemical-free, fragrance-free skincare products

One of the things about skincare is that it is dynamic. The needs of our skin change as external conditions change as well. Determining what your skin type is exactly and matching your skincare routine with that is absolutely crucial since skincare is not a one-size-fits-all type of thing. Most especially if you wish to repair skin damage, you will need to look into what ingredients, products, and practices will be the best fit for your skin type.

When developing your own skincare routine, it really takes time, patience, and a lot of research. You will want to make sure it is what’s suitable for you and your skin to achieve the best results.

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